Causes and Pedagogical Prevention Ofbehavioral Disorders of Primary Age Students

Alma Avdić, Emina Škahić

Abstract


The purpose of this research is determining cause of behavioral disorders at Primary school age students as well as prevention and correction which can be made while working with them. Research is made in eleven primary schools on area of Tuzla canton. The sample consists of 522 students of the fourth and ninth-graders aged 10 to 14 years, both genders and 166 teachers that teach them. Data about causes of behavioral disorder in primary school age students and educational preventive measures, which are used in schools, are collected using two instruments: SABD – Scale assessment of beavioraldisorders, intended for teachers and students (Tomic 2005, revised and updated) and SGM - Scaler of Group Membership, which examines result of group belonging to a class at the school and result of belonging to a small group outside of the school (taken from Nenad Suzic). For data collection of group membership results in schools and group membership results of a small group outside of the schools, SGP – scaler of group membership method is used. Group membership is estimated to 40 even and odd items, and Likerts scale from 1 – none of value for me to 5 – totally is valueable from me is used. All odd items are giving results of group membership to a class at the school, and even items are giving results of group membership to a small group outside of the school. This method is used for forth and nineth class students. For data collection of students disorder evaluation SPPP – Scale of disorder evaluation method is used. Students disorder evaluation is estimated to 23 items, and Likerts scale is from 1 – often to 5 – never. This method is used as well for forth and nineth class students, and for their profesors. In treatment of research results following methods and analysis were used: descriptive statistics t-test method, variance analysis, ANOVA and regression analysis. For testing the bond strength between variables which describes behavioral disordes, and variables of belonging to a class at the school, and belonging to a small group outside of the school, procedure for calculating regression is used. Themost important findings of this reasearch showed that students have estimatedthat teachers have been depreciating and punishing their colleges at the school, but on the other side teachers do not feel and do not notice the same, so they did not declared themselves on this point; that their colleges manifest forms of behavioral disorders at the school; that their colleges are using drugs; seeking company outside of the school. Scientific and practical contribution of the research is aimed at raising awareness on how to recognize the causes of behavioral disorders, on improving the functioning of agents of socialization, on timely implemention of educational prevenive and corrective measures in prevention different forms of behavioral disorders.

Keywords


behavioral disorders; patterns; educational prevention; risk and protective factors

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