Military Origins of Surnames in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Indira Šabić

Abstract


In the paper, the surnames of military origins in Bosnia and Herzegovina are given and analysed. The examples in this paper are excerpted from the scientific studies and dictionaries of Bosnian- Herzegovinian surnames and the telephone directories of Bosnia and Herzegovina published in the period from 1960 to 2007. In the formation of military surnames, it is possible to establish two ways: a) direct naming in relation to military motive, without formation; and b) indirectly naming (by the name of the father or grandfather) with formation by suffixation. With regard to their semantic realia which surved motives in the process of naming, the following types of military surnames are given: surnames by military rank, surnames by the use of the weapons, surnames by the status (martydom or victim surnames and surnames by somatic disadvantage), and surnames by family stratification.

Keywords


anthroponimy; acculturation; militarism; motive for the appointment; military surnames

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